Your account has been temporarily locked, so no orders can be placed at this time. Please contact our accounts receivable department at 877-287-8634 or email [email protected]

Trailer Hitch Installation How-To

Chapter 6

How to Install a Trailer Hitch - Towing 101 - CURTHow to Install a Trailer Hitch - Towing 101 - CURT

Step-by-Step Hitch Installation Guide

Installing a trailer hitch is a relatively easy automotive job. A typical tow hitch installation may involve some of the following steps: removing the spare tire, lowering the exhaust, removing existing vehicle hardware, lifting the hitch into position and torqueing the hitch hardware to the correct values.

In this guide, we''ll cover step by step how to install a hitch. We'll also answer questions about cost, time, warranty and offer some pro tips. CURT hitches are especially easy to install because most are no-drill and require only a few simple tools. If you'd prefer to take your vehicle in for professional installation, CURT also has a complete network of dealers and installers.


Example hitch installation video

For other hitch types, check out our 5th wheel installation guide and gooseneck installation guide!

Towing Tip!

Before purchasing a hitch, look up the installation instruction sheet or installation video online for the hitch you are considering, and then decide if it is something you can handle on your own or if you will need to bring it to a professional installer.

Can I install a hitch myself?

Yes, you can install a trailer hitch by yourself as long as you have the right tools for the job. DIY hitch installation is a great way to save money on the trailer hitch installation cost.

CURT custom hitches are engineered to make installation as easy and as minimally invasive as possible. Most CURT hitches can be installed with common hand tools, right in your own garage.

6 Pro Tips for Hitch Installation

Installing a Hitch by YourselfInstalling a Hitch by Yourself

How to Install a Trailer Hitch in 8 Steps

Trailer Hitch Installation InstructionsTrailer Hitch Installation Instructions

Step 1: Read the instructions

The first step to installing a trailer hitch receiver is to read the instructions. Familiarizing yourself with the steps involved in the installation will give you confidence in your work and will help you determine if you're up to the task.

You can find the installation instructions for each hitch using the CURT Installation Sheet Finder or on the number page. We also recommend checking out our installation video library on YouTube.

Gathing Tools for Trailer Hitch InstallationGathing Tools for Trailer Hitch Installation

Step 2: Gather your tools

Before you begin, set aside the tools necessary for the tow hitch installation. These may be different depending on your specific hitch, but in general, a hitch installation only requires some basic tools found in the average do-it-yourselfer's tool box.

The following are some of the tools used during the installation of a trailer hitch:

Tools used in hitch install:

Download tools list

 

  1. Shop light
  2. Socket set
  3. Ratchet
  4. Ratchet extension
  5. Swivel socket
  6. Work gloves
  7. Safety glasses
  8. Torque wrench
  9. Jack and stands
  10. Pry bar
  11. Tape measure
  12. Torx bits
  13. Trim tool
  14. Screw driver
  15. Paint pen
  16. Die grinder
  17. Carbide drill bits
  18. Cutting lubricant
  19. Box wrench set
  20. Power drill
  21. Rotary cutting tool
  22. Penetrating lubricant
  23. Rat tail wire brush
  24. Masking tape
  25. Utility knife
  26. Metal sheers
Commonly Used Tools for Receiver Hitch InstallationCommonly Used Tools for Receiver Hitch Installation
Occasionally Used Tools for Receiver Hitch InstallationOccasionally Used Tools for Receiver Hitch Installation
Rarely Used Tools for Receiver Hitch InstallationRarely Used Tools for Receiver Hitch Installation
Chock Wheels for Tow Hitch InstallationChock Wheels for Tow Hitch Installation

Step 3: Chock your wheels and jack up your vehicle

Next, you will need to place wheel chocks on your front wheels. You may also need to jack up your vehicle, depending on your particular hitch and work space.

Jacking up the vehicle is not necessary for most hitch installations -- even a car hitch installation -- but it does provide extra space underneath the vehicle to work. Make sure the emergency brake is activated, that your vehicle is at a safe height and that you use jack stands to ensure the vehicle is properly stabilized.

Work Light for Receiver Hitch InstallationWork Light for Receiver Hitch Installation

Step 4: Set up a work light

It always helps to have extra light when working underneath the vehicle, and it will help when referencing the installation instructions during the install. Position the light so that it illuminates your work space without obstructing what you're doing.

At this time, you can familiarize yourself with the various bolts, holes and other components you will be accessing during the installation.

Lower Spare Tire to Install Trailer HitchLower Spare Tire to Install Trailer Hitch

Step 5: Remove the spare tire, if necessary

On some receiver hitch installations, the rear spare tire stored underneath the vehicle will be in your way as you install the hitch. If specified in the instructions, remove it and set it aside.

This may also be the time to lower the exhaust. A small number of CURT trailer hitches require the tailpipe and part of the exhaust assembly to be lowered during the installation.

Remove Bolts to Install Trailer HitchRemove Bolts to Install Trailer Hitch

Step 6: Remove bolts, plugs and other parts, as specified

Some trailer hitch installations require certain bolts and rubber plugs to be removed to make way for mounting the hitch frame. Others require small panels or a heat shield to be removed or trimmed. Still others may require drilling into the frame.

For some hitch installations, the existing vehicle hardware may be used to bolt the hitch into place. Whatever the case for you particular hitch, all necessary hardware will be included for a complete installation.

Lift Trailer Hitch into PositionLift Trailer Hitch into Position

Step 7: Position the hitch and attach hardware

With your vehicle and hardware prepared, you can move the hitch into position. You may need assistance at this point as trailer hitches can weigh up to 50 lbs. or more. This is especially important for a truck hitch installation because truck hitches tend to be heavier.

For the hardware, typically you will only need to tighten the nuts and bolts enough to hold the hitch in place. Once all trailer hitch bolts are attached and hand-tightened, you can move on to torqueing.

Tighten Trailer Hitch BoltsTighten Trailer Hitch Bolts

Step 8: Fully tighten the bolts

When all of the trailer hitch bolts are in place, torque them to the values specified in the installation instruction. The amount of torque required various by the size of bolts. Some hitches only require around 100 foot-pounds of torque, while others require 150 foot-pounds or more. Make sure you have the proper tool to safely torque your hitch into place.

Towing Tip!

If your tow hitch installation requires you to feed bolts in through a hollow frame and you accidentally lose a bolt inside, getting it out can be extremely tedious. However, it CAN be done. Insert a telescoping magnet in through the hole, and lure the bolt to the hole until you can pull it out.


Trailer Hitch Installation Near Me

If you'd prefer a professional touch and you're looking for where to get a trailer hitch installed, the CURT Where to Buy page provides a complete list of local dealers and installers. Simply put in your address.

You can browse installers by distance and service level, view their address and phone number, navigate a live map and get directions from any address.

Professional Trailer Hitch InstallationProfessional Trailer Hitch Installation

6 Professional Tips for Hitch Installation

#1 Cleaning the weldnuts

The underbody of a vehicle is exposed to a wide variety of outdoor elements, causing corrosion over time. Some hitch installations use pre-existing weldnuts on the vehicle to mount the hitch. If these weldnuts have rust on them, it will be impossible to properly thread the trailer hitch bolts.

Before starting the installation, note the condition of the weldnuts. For minor rust and buildup, use a penetrating lubricant and wire brush to clean the threads.

For heavier rust, use a thread tap to make sure the threads are clear. The tap must be perpendicular to the weldnut to avoid stripping the threads.

Clean Weldnuts with Wire BrushClean Weldnuts with Wire Brush

#2 Fishwiring bolts through the frame

A hitch receiver installation may require hardware to be fishwired through holes in the vehicle frame (fishwire will be included with your CURT hitch, if needed). To do this, pass the coiled end of the fishwire through the mounting hole and out the access hole. Install a spacer onto the coiled end, and then thread the bolt onto the coil.

Next, pull the other end of the fishwire through the mounting hole so the bolt stud passes through the spacer and out the mounting hole.

Finally, lift the trailer hitch assembly into position if it is not already in place, feeding the fishwire through the correct mounting hole on the hitch. Carefully remove the fishwire from the bolt and apply the appropriate nut.

Fish Wire Bolts Thru FrameFish Wire Bolts Thru Frame

#3 Reverse fishwiring bolts

To reverse fishwire hitch hardware onto your vehicle’s frame, begin by threading the bolt onto the coiled end of the wire. Then, insert the bolt into the mounting hole, head first (the hole may need to be enlarged with a die grinder first).

Next, feed the wire through a spacer and insert the spacer up into the mounting hole. Then, pull the wire down, allowing the bolt stud to pass through the spacer and out the mounting hole. The spacer should keep the bolt head stuck inside the frame.

Finally, position the hitch and pass the wire through the appropriate mounting hole on the hitch. Then, carefully remove the fishwire from the bolt and apply a nut.

Reverse Fish Wire Bolts Thru FrameReverse Fish Wire Bolts Thru Frame

#4 Temporarily lowering the exhaust

To ensure a tight fit against the vehicle, some hitch installations require the vehicle’s exhaust system to be temporarily lowered.

To lower the exhaust, typically all you need to do is separate the rubber isolators from the exhaust hanger rods. Begin by supporting the tailpipe and exhaust system with wire ties or rope at the hanger points. Be sure to leave a few inches of slack so the exhaust can be lowered.

Then, squirt the connection points with a soapy water mixture or lubricant. Next, use a pry bar to carefully pry between the rubber isolators and hanger stops.

Pry Exhaust Rubber Isolators to RemovePry Exhaust Rubber Isolators to Remove

#5 Drilling into the frame

While it is rare for CURT hitches, some installations may require drilling into the frame, particularly if there are not enough pre-existing mounting holes to attach the hitch.

Begin by marking the drill locations with a paint pen, using the hitch as a guide. Then, drill a small pilot hole. Cobalt drill bits and cutting lubricant are recommended.

Gradually increase the size of the hole using larger and larger drill bits until the correct size for the bolt is reached. You can also use a step drill bit for this process.

Some hitch installations may also require the hole to be enlarged to accept a spacer. For this, a die grinder is recommended.

Drill Hitch Mounting Holes in FrameDrill Hitch Mounting Holes in Frame

#6 Trimming vehicle fascia

A tow hitch installation may require plastic fascia panels on the vehicle to be cut or trimmed to make space for the receiver tube.

To begin, mark the areas to be trimmed using masking tape. Then, use a utility knife, rotary cutoff tool or aviator shears to cut off the marked areas.

Remember to go slowly! If using a utility knife, we recommend scoring the cutting line and then making multiple passes to ensure a clean cut.

Trim Vehicle Fascia After MarkingTrim Vehicle Fascia After Marking

FAQs

How much does it cost to install a hitch?

A professional hitch installation can cost anywhere from $50 to over $250, depending on the labor rates of the automotive shop and the difficulty of the installation. Some hitch installations are more intensive than others, increasing the cost as more time is required.

 

How long does a hitch installation take?

Hitch installation can take anywhere from 30 minutes to a few hours or more, depending on the level of expertise of the installer, the tools being used, the condition of the vehicle and so on. For a helpful guideline, check the installation instructions for your specific hitch.

 

Will installing a trailer hitch void my warranty?

Installing a trailer hitch will not void a vehicle’s warranty. The Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act, passed by Congress in 1975, ensures that consumers can install aftermarket parts without the fear of voiding their warranty. One stipulation is that the installation must be done properly. An improper installation will not be covered (e.g. bolt holes drilled too close together, different hardware used, etc).

Learn more on the Federal Trade Commission website.

 

How do you attach a trailer hitch?

To attach a trailer hitch to a vehicle, have a friend help you lift the hitch into position. If you don’t have a helper, you can hang the hitch from the vehicle frame, using a length of wire or rope. With the hitch suspended, begin to thread the mounting bolts until the hitch can remain in place without assistance. Then, torque the bolts to the correct values.


Ready to find a hitch? Start by looking up your vehicle!


Towing 101 Table of Contents